The Hero’s Journey with Story Structure

This entry is part 18 of 24 in the series The plot thickens (Mwahahaha)

by C. Michelle Jefferies

Brooks’ Story Structure is, in my opinion, the best prescribed formula for how to place a story together. However, I originally used The Hero’s Journey (hereafter referred to as HJ) to plot out my current WIP. A lot of what is also called “The Mythic Structure”, within the HJ, makes sense as a template as to where to place each item the story needs. One thing I disliked about HJ was the common opinion that you could move items around to your liking, therefore maybe putting certain things in the wrong place.

I have found, however, that HJ is a good characterization tool for creating a proper arc. It can also add understanding to Brooks’ Structure if applied properly. Used together I find that I have a more, well-rounded picture of the story.

What we recognize as Concept and Theme in Structure, is the Story Question in the HJ. The question I asked is: Can the MC survive being dumped by the man she thought was her life, and move on? A secondary plot question is: Which guy is right for my MC? These questions begin the thought process of how my character is going to grow in this story—the beginning of that character arc.

The Ordinary World in HJ is the equivalent of Part one: Introduction in Structure. We see the main character, who is at a fancy restaurant, unknowingly waiting for her date to dump her. As character arc, we are finding out what her ordinary world is: what she is thinking, what she is wearing, whether she likes the restaurant and how excited she is about getting married. This is the place for us to start identifying with the MC and establish emotions and rapport with her. Because, when that devastating information comes, we want our reader to be emotionally invested in the MC, enough that they don’t put the book down.

We introduce theme and set things in action by ‘calling the MC to action’, or reaction on her part. The Call to Action in HJ is not plot point #1. Although the event is important, the MC or Heroine, refuses to act. The Call is the boyfriend dumping her in public, which leads us to the Refusal of the Call. My MC goes home and cries, thinking her world is over. She locks herself in her room with a half gallon of ice cream. These actions are giving us more depth into the characters’ personality.

At this point in time we also have what is called Meeting with the Mentor. Sometimes the mentor is the one delivering the call. Sometimes it is the person the MC goes to for advice and help. My MC doesn’t have a “mentor.” She has her friend, who just happens to be a guy, who she goes to for advice and safe friendship after the disastrous date. The relationship between the MC and the mentor is another way that we develop character. How they relate reveals a lot about the MC.

Next, we experience what HJ calls Crossing the First Threshold or plot point #1. The MC is at work, and her friend talks her into going out with his brother. By accepting the date with her friend’s brother, she has accepted that the ex is a jerk and she needs to move on, thus figuratively putting the ice cream securely in the freezer. She moves from what we saw as her ordinary world into the new reality. This area is often a point where our MC struggles to become better and braver, and to take that step into the post-First Threshold world.

Now we enter Part two: reaction, the Tests, Enemies, and Allies stage of the book. This is where the MC adjusts to her new reality—post ex. She begins down a road of new possibilities. Characters, enemies, and trials are introduced during this part. This is where in the “tree” theory after you put your character in the tree, (Crossing the Threshold), you begin to throw small rocks at her. The MC reacts to what her life has dealt her.

As we Approach the Innermost Cave which is Structure’s Mid-point the plot begins to get serious and the “rocks” get a lot bigger. This point is often a place where the writer reveals information to the reader that opens up whole new possibilities. Sometimes the reader knows something that the MC doesn’t even know. My MC finds that she has feelings for both of the brothers. The guy friend finds that he has feelings for the MC too and hates that he has introduced her to his brother. By his “code,” he should back off and let the older brother have his chance with her.

This “reaction” from both the friend and the MC leads us to Part three, proactive stage. This is a time of trials for the MC. She finds out who her real friends are and what she is made of, the previous trials proving her mettle.

As we near The Ordeal, we can have either the “lull moment” where the characters think all is lost and there is no hope, or a “I’ve finally succeeded and this is the end, only to find out it isn’t” moment. My MC has an all is lost moment, and feels that she will never know who is right for her, and she will be single her whole life. This point in the story is a place where we again feel sympathy for the MC and deepens our concern for what happens to her.

The Ordeal or Plot point #2 comes at about [3/4s or] 4/5s way through the book. This is the huge crisis moment, the event that changes everything. After this point in time, no new characters or information may be allowed into the story. The MC is at Thanksgiving with the brother and has had a heated moment with the friend who she thought wasn’t interested. The spark is still there and it has grown stronger. The brother proposes and she has to make a decision—to live a relatively happy life with a good guy, or take a chance with the friend and truly love someone. She says no and runs. The friend follows her at the brother’s request, oblivious to the attraction between them. This is the refining fire for our MC, the culmination of all previous actions. This is where the reader is cheering for the MC to succeed.

Her decision is the Reward. She has proven herself, and has demonstrated to everyone that she has grown and is stronger for it. We are still cheering for her and her success.

What Structure calls Part four, resolution, HJ calls Return With Elixir. The Ordeal brings us massive change in the MC’s life. Now that everything has changed for my MC, she makes decisions that bring about resolution. She confesses her feelings and they finally kiss. They live happily ever after, or at least until the book ends. This is where the MC moves into the new ordinary world and we see not only the comparison to the old world but we see the Story Question answered. We tie up all the loose ends for the reader as well.

What do you think? How would you line up the Hero’s Journey and Story Structure?

About the author
C. Michelle Jefferies practically grew up in a library. When she was ten, she realized she wanted to write stories like the science fiction books she loved to read. A mother of six, she put her writing on the back burner while she focused on raising her young children. When her children were old enough for her to spend a few hours on the computer, without them burning the house down, she returned to writing and hasn’t stopped since. She blogs at My life in a laptop.

Photo credits: path—Kat Gloor; path through structure (bridge)—Jo Ann Deasy

Series NavigationStory structure in actionSetting up the story question

8 thoughts on “The Hero’s Journey with Story Structure”

  1. Thanks again, Jordan. It was alot of fun. I apreciate you allowing me to share what I have learned.

  2. Thank you Jordan, not enough attention can be given to the Hero’s Journey. You have given us a good, workable overview.

    You say “I originally used The Hero’s Journey”.

    Can you briefly tell us what your main points of preference are in Brooks’ structure over the Hero’s Journey?

  3. @Karel—All right, now that that’s fixed.

    Michelle is showing us how she used both the Hero’s Journey and Brooks’s story structure in plotting her story—she used the Hero’s Journey to create the story, and then story structure to order and apportion it. Story structure enhances the Hero’s Journey by setting up solid pacing, as well as phases of the book for action to fall into.

    @Michelle—You know, thinking over this again, I think that you could argue that the Call to Adventure is Plot Point 1, and that the Refusal would fall under Reaction—it’s not moving forward, after all. Refusing (denial, etc.) is a reaction. But it does depend on how you want to do it, I think. Waiting 20-25,000 words for a call to adventure can be really hard.

  4. @ Jordan, Actually, that is where I place something brooks doesn’t have in the structure. I call it introdouction to theme where you are using something in your story to give the reader an idea of what your theme is. you get a little action and a teaser of whats to come. sometimes this is the call and the reaction is the refusal. Then the true acceptance where the MC HAS to accept the call is plot point #1. I was weary of how far in the PP#1 comes but I now see the logic of it. It does give you time to get to know the characters and the world. That is why you so often see something like a introdouction of the theme in books.

    @Karel, The next book I plotted and wrote I used story structure first to plan out the story then added the Hero’s Journey to augment and enhance the story and character arc. The Hero’s Journey, is not set in stone and that is where I see the drawback of that type of plotting tool, however, it does have excellent points to flesh the story out especially if you recognize how the two of them go together.

  5. @Karel, I like the strict structure of Brooks’ structure over the HJ, HJ is too leinent for me. I also believe that you can still have a sagging middle using HJ.

    Once I went to Brooks site and read the articles about Structure, it all began to make sense, where the HJ never clicked or made sense like Structure did. I still like the Hero’s Jounrey, it has good points, I just like Structure more.

  6. Sorry for the late response

    What happened to “The Road Back” and “Resurrection”?

    This combination feels a bit shoehorned. It’s not clear that these two structures are compatible, because they talk about different plot points and moods.
    Going back to 3-act structure, the Ordeal is the climax of Act II, and Resurrection is the climax of Act III. So now I’m just confused.

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